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Mover Safely Packing Goods

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    Moving Tips:

Do-It-Yourself Packing Guide & Tips
You have invested a lot of care and money into your belongings. When you move them you want to ensure they arrive safely.

The proper preparation of your possessions for loading and transport is essential to the success of your move. That is why most people prefer to have their things professionally packed by us.

If, however, you choose to pack part, or all of your goods yourself, please read this guide carefully.

If you have any questions, please contact us - we will be pleased to assist you.
The proper preparation of your possessions for loading is essential to the success of your move. That is why most people prefer to have their things professionally packed. If you choose to pack part or all of your goods yourself, please read this booklet carefully.

Before You Start
Responsibility for damage to goods in a carton that you pack is difficult to establish if there is no visible damage to the outside of the carton. Professional packers can pack an average household in one day. It will take you much longer and you will have to start several weeks before moving day.

If your packing is improperly done, the mover can refuse to load the cartons until they are properly packed.

Packing Materials

  • Rigid, heavy-duty cartons of different sizes with good lids.
  • Clean newsprint and tissue paper for wrapping and cushioning.
  • Tape, scissors, felt markers, notepad.

Prepare for Packing
Dispose of unwanted articles at a garage sale or donate them to charity.
Dispose of articles liable to cause damage to the van or container, or to its contents. These include flammables, corrosives, explosives and chemicals.
Do not ship canned or bottled foods during freezing weather. Use them up or donate them to a food bank.
Use up frozen foods. We can move them - but only under certain conditions.
Have your rugs and drapes cleaned. Roll and tie rugs in three places.
Sort and pre-pack the items you won't use before moving day.
Make a list of the things that cannot be packed until the last minute.

Dangerous Goods
Prepare a carton labeled "Consumer Commodity - Dangerous Goods Exempt" to contain non-restricted household chemicals such as cleaners and cosmetics. These are detailed in our pamphlet "Handling Dangerous Goods."

How to Pack
China and dishes: Place a 7-10cm (3-4") layer of crushed paper in the bottom of a sturdy carton. Place several layers of wrapping paper on your worktable. Place one plate on the paper and fold the corner of one or two sheets diagonally over the plate. Place another plate on top and fold another piece of paper over it. Add two more plates in the same manner. Fold sides of the paper over the bundle and roll the plates, keeping the sides of the paper straight for a neat bundle. Place bundles on edge in the carton and pack them snug. When you have completed a layer in the carton, place a layer of cushioning paper after each tier. Leave space at the top of the carton for a cushion of paper, and then fold the top flat, seal with tape and label. Wrap cups individually and protect handles with an extra sheet of tissue paper. Place them upside-down with handle toward the inside of the carton. Keep them at the top of the carton. Wrap and nest bowls into each other and pack on edge. Smaller items can be wrapped and nested inside bowls, pans, canisters, etc. Wrap sugar bowl lids in colored tissue paper and place upside-down on top of the bowl. Then wrap the bowl in two sheets of tissue paper.

Small pictures and mirrors: Pack vertically in a carton, cushioned well with paper, linens or blankets.

Stemware, glasses, figurines, etc.: Have delicate and valuable items professionally packed. Wrap others individually and pack in celled cartons. Protect with plenty of cushioning. Wrap wine glass stems first to cushion them, then wrap the entire glass into a bundle and place all glasses open side down in the carton. Mark the carton "Fragile".

Silverware and stainless flatware: Wrap silverware individually, replace in silver chest and pad it well with paper or towels, and place at the bottom of the carton. Wrap hollowware and other large silver pieces in clear plastic, then in clean paper, and pad well for packing. Stainless steel does not require special handling. Do not use printed newspaper!

Lamps: Remove the bulb and harp and roll up the cord. Wrap the base, bulb and harp individually and place together in a carton. Protect them with paper or small cushions wrapped in clean paper. Do not allow the lamp to protrude above the height of the carton. Several lamps may be packed together, provided there is lots of cushioning. Pack lampshades individually with cushioning at the bottom of the carton but not around the lampshade. You can nest smaller shades inside larger ones, but it is best to pack only one per carton. Tiffany type and other glass shades and chandeliers should be professionally packed.

Paintings, large mirrors, and glass tabletops, marble slabs: These items are easily damaged and should be packed or crated professionally.

Clocks and radios: Pack these in their original cartons or wrap them separately and pack into well-padded cartons. Have grandfather clocks serviced by an expert to prevent the pendulum from damaging the cabinet.

Books, records, CDs and cassettes: Pack heavy items in smaller cartons. Wrap valuable books separately and pack on edge. Pack records, CDs and cassettes on edge and on a layer of crushed paper. Mark the carton "Fragile".

Stereos: Pack these in their original cartons or wrap them separately and pack into well-padded cartons.

Clothing: Fasten zippers and buttons to secure clothing on their hangers and place in wardrobe cartons. Do not overload or pack anything else into the wardrobe. If you do not use wardrobes, remove hangers, fold items and place in lined cartons. Use tissue paper between the folds to prevent wrinkling. Lightweight items such as lingerie may be left in dresser drawers.

Large appliances: Clean and dry thoroughly to prevent mildew and odors. Drain water from dishwashers, washers, air conditioners, etc. Clean and rinse refrigerators and freezers with baking soda, and leave their doors open for 24 hours before loading. Tape shelves and drawers securely or remove, wrap and pack into cartons. Some appliances such as front load washers must be serviced before moving. Your moving consultant can arrange for a reputable company to do this at a reasonable cost.

Blankets, pillows, linens and towels: Pack in clean cartons or use as cushioning material. Wrap good linens in tissue paper or leave in drawers.

Small appliances, pots and pans: Pack in original cartons or wrap them separately and pack into well-padded cartons. Each should be clean and free from food particles and grease. Empty water from steam irons.

Artificial flower arrangements: Wrap carefully in plastic, tissue paper or paper towels and pack individually. Mark the carton "Fragile".

Hats and shoes: Stuff the crowns of hats with tissue paper, wrap loosely and pack into hatboxes or a carton with heavier hats at the bottom. Wrap shoes individually and pack into a carton. Cushion well to avoid damage to high heels. Do not pack heavy items on top of shoes.

Drawers: Remove valuables and anything that will leak or spill, stuff drawers with crumpled paper to hold articles in place.

Canned goods, preserves, and small food packages: Use up as much food as possible before you move. Do not ship canned goods during freezing weather. Tape boxes closed, wrap and pack. Do not ship perishables. Avoid moving glass containers. If your must ship them, seal in watertight packaging and place upright in cartons marked "this side up".

Tools: Dismantle large tools for moving. Wrap smaller tools and pack in small cartons since they are heavy. Remove all fuel and oil from all gasoline-powered tools.

Plants: A mover does not accept liability for plants. He may agree to include your plants if you accept his waiver of responsibility. They will be shipped entirely at your risk.

Window coverings: Fold curtains and drapes lengthwise over a hanger, pin them securely and place in a wardrobe container. They can also be folded and packaged in large cartons.

Mops, brooms, and curtain rods: Bundle them together with tape or twine. You must remove drapery tracks, curtain rods and other items attached to the walls, ceiling, or floors.

Rugs: Un-tack them and leave them on the floor. If they have just been cleaned, leave them rolled.

Garden furniture swings, sheds: Disassemble and place nuts and bolts in a labeled plastic bag and pack in a carton.



  • No carton should be so large that it will obstruct the view when carried or be over 23kg (50lbs) when packed.
  • Do not overfill or under fill cartons; they may become damaged. Tops must close flat and be sealed with tape.
  • Pack heavier items on the bottom and lighter items on the top. Pack articles snugly so they will not shift.
  • Cushion every carton with clean, crushed paper - on the bottom, between layers, at the top, and in any empty spaces between articles.
  • Pack small articles in small boxes and nest them into a large box.
  • Wrap fabrics and china in clean newsprint, not newspaper the ink will stain.
  • Wrap all items separately to protect fine surfaces and protrusions from damage.
  • Wrap small items in colored paper so they will not be discarded with packing material.
  • Fasten and tape lids to liquids, seal in a plastic bag and place upright in a carton be sure outside of carton is marked this side up liquids.
  • Record the contents of each carton in your notebook. Label each carton with your name, room location and special directions.
  • Tape small pieces and screws to where they belong or put them in a carton labeled "Set-Up Carton" for easy access at destination.
  • Place items from desks and drawers in small-labeled cartons. Loose clothing may remain in dresser drawers.
  • Place a "Do Not Move" sign on items, which are to remain in the house.
  • Assign a place for suitcases and other items that are not to go into the van or container.
  • Send your valuables (jewels, furs, important papers, etc.) by registered mail or security carrier, or carry them with you.
  • Prepare a "Load Last - Unload First" carton for things you will need as soon as you arrive.
  • Roll and tie electrical cords so they will not tangle.

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Garage Sale Planning Tips
Through a "garage sale" or "yard sale," you can rid the house of unwanted items, make some money and have a little neighbourly fun.

Also, if you organize a garage sale prior to moving, you will lighten the weight of your shipment without having to throw or give away the items you no longer need or like - a further saving.

In order to assist you we have assembled some guidelines designed to make your garage sale a successful one.

Phone or visit your local Licensing Commission or municipal authorities – some communities have precise rules on holding garage sales and require permits or at least a notification.

Contact the Sales Tax District office of your provincial government for information. Some provinces may require that you collect sales tax. If this is the case, you will have to obtain a vendor's permit in order to levy the applicable tax.

Note that Federal taxes do not apply to garage sales.

Check local, provincial and federal laws before selling firearms, ammunition or explosives. The selling of some other items – bedding, food, clothes, etc. – may also be covered by local or provincial ordinances.

Visit other garage sales – as a customer, you will be able to learn from them and will have an idea of the general price levels.

Start saving shopping bags, cardboard boxes and newspapers. Your customers will find them very convenient on the day of the sale.

Visit resale shops, antique shops, flea markets, etc. – you may have a pleasant surprise at finding out that some of your discards are worth a lot more than you thought. You can also go to your local library and have a look at some specialized magazines.

Consider holding a joint sale with one or several other families. You will have a larger display of merchandise, the sale can be held in the home with the best location and the families can share the work. Don't forget to include an owner's code on all the price tags, unless you decide on organizing a small flea market where each family has their own selling space.

Consider taking consignments – if you don't mind the extra responsibilities and book-keeping, you can be sure to get publicity from the consignees and increase your profits according to the commission you charge – 20% of the selling cost, on average.

Decide On...

When to Hold Your Sale
Fridays, Saturdays or Sundays are the traditional garage sales days – most people get paid at the end of the week and don't work on those days. Consequently, they have more money and more time to spend and are more likely to attend your sale in larger numbers. However, avoid holding your sale during Victoria Day, Canada Day, Civic Holiday and Labour Day weekends as a lot of people leave their home during the long weekends.

The best time of year to hold a sale is from mid-spring to mid-fall in most parts of Canada. Hot weather won't discourage your potential customers, but cold, snow and icy roads will certainly stop them from attending your sale.

Consider the length of your sale. You will probably have more customers in the earlier hours of your sale than during the rest of the day. For that reason, the best starting time seems to be in the morning.
If you are holding your sale outside, plan an alternate date in case of bad weather.

Where to Hold Your Sale
You can hold your sale in a barn, your porch, your basement, your yard, etc.
In a yard sale, everything has to be taken inside every night as sudden showers may cause damage. Still it may be worth it to have things spread out in view of passing drivers.

A basement is less desirable because strangers hesitate to walk into your house, whereas a wide-open garage is more inviting.

If you live in an apartment, consider creating artificial barriers to avoid finding customers rummaging through your personal belongings under the assumption that everything is for sale.

What to Sell
Before sifting through your home, be sure you are in a "getting-rid-of" mood. Take a record sheet or notebook with you and list everything you want to sell. You can sell just about anything at a garage sale, but keep in mind that:

  • The larger the display, the longer the customers will linger and the more likely they'll buy.
  • The things you may not need or want could be someone else's treasures.
  • If you want to dispose of some large expensive items, remember to include a lot of smaller low-priced ones as well, some garage sale goers have a limited budget.
  • Parents will have more time to look around if their children are busy with a few toys you have included in your sale.

A Few Days before the Sale
Price Each Article
It will make you think about prices beforehand and you won't have to make on-the-spot decisions on the day of the sale.

On a new article, a general rule of thumb is to charge no more than half the store cost. Prices on used items are lower.

Remember that a drop of glue, a piece of tape or a few stitches can increase the value of an item.

Clean and dust all items.

Keep your prices in multiples of five - 5¢, 10¢, $1.00 etc. – for easier computing and, since a garage sale would be very tame without a lot of haggling and bargaining, don't forget to add about 10% to every price you decide on.

Place a price tag on everything
This will encourage the buyer to purchase and allow them to identify bargains. Self-adhesive tags are quicker, more convenient and will make last minute changes easier than masking tape.

Advertise your sale
Advertising your sale is an important part of its success. Run a classified ad in your local newspaper, the day before the sale starts – people who only get the evening issue will be able to plan on attending your sale the next day. Your ad should include a brief listing of major items for sale, date(s) of sale, rain date(s), business hours and your street address.

If you don't mind people calling you to know what colour that rug is, you may include your phone number. To catch the reader's eye in crowded columns, spend a little extra to have a black line put around your ad or a catchy headline in larger type.

Pin notices on church, school, supermarket and club bulletin boards. If you have children to do the legwork, you may want to run off flyers and distribute them in your neighborhood.

Prepare a sign you will put in front of your house on the day of the sale.
Make it large and visible – the letters should be at least 20cm (8") high, 1.25cm (1/2") thick, and on a light or bright background. Use indelible ink in case it rains.
If you live on a secluded street, you may want to install additional signs at the nearest crossroads and on the main roads.

Don't underestimate word-of-mouth advertising. Phone friends, tell co-workers, neighbours, etc.

The Day before the Sale
Get paper and pencil or a calculator for computing costs and have your wrapping supplies ready. Display your items. Remove anything you don't want to sell from your garage and if some things cannot be moved, put a big "NOT FOR SALE" tag on them or cover them with a sheet, a good background for display.

Arrange small articles on tables. With some twine, hang poles from the garage ceiling for clothes racks. Assemble beds or dismantled pieces so people can see there's nothing missing. For books and magazines, mark the asking price on a few big cardboard boxes and pile the books in them. Bundle "go together" items you want to sell as a unit and make grab bags or surprise packages at a moderate price.

If possible, have an electric outlet for testing appliances.
Arrange all goods neatly to give your shopper a good first impression but don't make your garage sale look like a shop – it could turn off a lot of potential customers who enjoy the casual look of garage sales.

Get plenty of change in a cash box and note how much you have on hand to start with.

If your sale is a family venture, enlist as many members as possible and give everyone a particular task.

Determine policies with your helpers and make sure everyone will stick to them. Accept only cash and post a big sign to that effect – cheques may bounce. Ask for a deposit if a customer wants an article "held" and set a time limit for holding the item. Haggling is a touchy point. As a general rule, it is best to keep your prices more or less firm. A good way of coping when someone offers you $5.00 for an item tagged $10.00, is to say you'll sell at his/her price if it is left at the end of the sale.

Don't forget to set your alarm clock for early rising next morning!

On The Day of the Sale
Brace yourself for an early rush of business.
Let your customers browse in peace. You might want to have background music – some people feel more at ease if they can discuss without being heard.
Serving fresh coffee and donuts makes your sale more fun. People will be encouraged to browse longer while they have a coffee.

After each item has been sold, check it off in your notebook and list any price change.

Be ready to answer people's questions, to move things if it seems that more room is needed, to lower prices if it seems that you might be left with a few items on your hands at the end of the sale.

For Your Security

  • Keep your valuables under lock and key.
  • Keep your cash box out of sight and keep the larger bills on your person.
  • Never leave the sales areas unattended.
  • Request that shopping bags be left with you until the choice of merchandise has been made.
  • Watch for shoplifters. They'll be watching you or will come with a friend who will try to distract you while the other appropriates wanted items. If someone looks suspicious, follow him/her around and propose your help. Close supervision generally discourages thieves.

After The Sale

  • Count up your money, remembering to deduct the amount you started with and take the cash to your bank or put it in a safe place.
  • Take down all the outdoor signs you put up.
  • If you intend to hold another sale, write your own critique.

If you have a few things left, consider donating them to a charitable organization in your community. Some you might like to call include:

  • The Salvation Army
  • Good Will
  • St. Vincent de Paul Society
  • Church Rummage Sales
  • Various organizations specializing in the collection and repair of toys for needy children at Christmas

They may even pick up the goods from your home and give you a tax receipt.

You can also contact the local pawn shop they may have an interest in some items.

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Moving Your Family Tips
Age as a Factor
The three key factors to a child's happy move are:

  • the parents' positive frame of mind
  • communication within the family
  • the active involvement of children in preparing for the move

Babies need only be kept comfortable and to their daily routine. They will be the least affected by the move.

Let toddler know about the move shortly before it takes place. Be sure they know they will be going with you. Moving is a very busy time; try to spend a little extra time with them. Make the moving process an adventure with related games and stories. Let them pack their favorite treasures. Familiar possessions will make the transition easier.

Children this age will be more aware of the move and of leaving their friends. They may have difficulty accepting the change. Tell them gradually about the move. First, drop hints that the family might be moving and stress the positive aspects. Later, when you feel they are ready to accept the news, tell them about the upcoming move.

Let them take part in the planning and make decisions about which of their possessions they want to take. Let them help organize a garage sale of their discards.

Prepare a floor plan of your new home and let children decide how their rooms might be arranged. It is better for a young child's room to have the door and window in the same relative position he or she is used to. When you have moved, arrange children's rooms as quickly as possible and let them unpack and arrange their toys.

Teenagers have developed more interests and special friendships.
They may be most disturbed about moving. Plan to spend a lot of time with them. Make sure they know the reasons for the move and include them in decision-making. Let them share in the process by giving them specific and important responsibilities during the move.

Many psychologists now challenge the old belief that a summer move is better. Fall is a very busy time for principals and teachers and they can give very little individual attention. It may be better to move later in the fall or in the spring. If you move a few weeks before school closes for the summer, have the children attend their new school to become accustomed to it.

Remember that there are advantages to every situation and point these out to your children.

Surveys have shown that the children of parents who have a positive attitude toward changing schools tend to adjust more readily and perform better in their new school. Have an interview with the teacher to see how your child is progressing.

Elementary school
As soon as possible, discuss the impending move with the present principal. He or she will see that reports and records are ready to go to the new school to help staff assess where each pupil will benefit best. Make sure teachers know about the move. If the children's behavior changes, teachers will take into account that the move is on their minds. Sometimes, teachers can be a great help adjusting the children to the idea of relocating.

Once at destination, have the children visit their classrooms and meet their new teachers before their first day of school.

Take them to school the first few days and support them as they adjust to the new environment.

High school
Changing schools during the school year is more complex for secondary school students.

Discuss it with the principal. Contact the school board at destination and find out how well and where courses and options can be matched; what documents will be required, etc. It is preferable for students to change schools after a set of major examinations. Most new schools will accept these marks, which will help them place students in the correct class. Ask about the dress code in the new school.

To make things easier, United Van Lines provides destination information service in the "Neighborhoods Package" To order your package click on the link.

Consider a short-term subscription to the local newspaper to get acquainted before you move.

The boards of education, community colleges and universities will send information outlining their day and night school courses. The board of education will also tell you the locations of schools offering courses similar to the ones your children are currently taking and this may help you choose a new neighborhood.
The municipal recreation department and YM/YWCA will send you a current calendar so everyone can plan their future leisure activities.

Allow adequate time for rest, sightseeing, exercise and regular meals. Make hotel reservations in advance.

Young children will be more content in the car with coloring books, Activity Books, travel games, storybooks and favorite toys. Also, a few surprises will make the trip an adventure. Older children can help navigate, keep the car tidy, choose the games, pack and check rooms before leaving the hotel.

Get a new phone directory and record the numbers of all emergency services, government listings and needed services. In 350 communities across Canada, Welcome Wagon hostesses will visit you to provide information and a welcome package from local merchants.

Ask your Vaughan's / Queen City Moving Consultant to arrange this for you.
Contact the community information centre, which may be operated by the chamber of commerce, board of trade, municipal office or library. To break the ice, ask your neighbors for information about local activities, organizations, shopping and transportation. Welcome any neighbors who call and encourage children to bring new friends home.

Explore! Maps are usually available from the chamber of commerce, board of trade, tourist bureau, municipality or real estate board. Your library will be a gold mine of suggestions about places to visit.

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Moving Your Pet Tips
If you are a pet owner, moving to a new home also means relocation for Fido, Tabby, and possibly a menagerie of birds, gerbils and tropical fish or even your favorite boa constrictor. Household goods carriers are not in a position to transport pets in moving vans, but, as another step in our continuing program to make moving better for the entire family, we would like to present the following information on how to move your pet(s).

The most common methods of transporting pets are by automobile or airplane. Due to new, more stringent regulations, some railways have discontinued carrying pets on board. Most bus lines do not carry pets but we suggest you check bus and rail service in your area just to be sure. There are companies that specialize in moving pets which you might wish to contact. You know your pet better than anyone else so, depending upon the individual animal, the time element and other contributing factors, you can determine the safest and best way for your pet to move to your new home.
Whatever mode of transportation you choose, visit the veterinarian first to have your pet pronounced fit for travel. If the animal by nature is high strung or susceptible to motion sickness, the veterinarian may prescribe medication.

Airlines, which offer safe, speedy transportation, will carry most species of animals and offer guidelines for shipping. Discuss all aspects of your pet's shipment with the airline well in advance of your planned move. Airlines do regulate the shipping of four-legged pets based on temperature control, and these carrier restrictions vary. For example, one airline will not accept a pet for shipment if the temperature is below 32 degrees or above 80 degrees, taking into consideration both the origin and destination. If possible, you will want to book a weekday flight during slack periods when there is more room in the plane's cargo compartment and airline personnel have more free time to assist. Make your reservation at least four days early and select a flight schedule that has the least number of transfers and a minimal amount of confinement.

Health Certificate, Etc.
Health certificate and rabies inoculations are required in many provinces and states. Ask your veterinarian or the Department of Agriculture (U.S.) about requirements in the province or state to which you are moving. For instance, Hawaii Requires a 120-day quarantine, at the pet owner's expense.
If you ship your pet by air, two copies of a health certificate will be required on all warm-blooded animals and on birds. The health certificate must be signed by a licensed veterinarian and cannot be more than ten days old. Some airlines also require a rabies record accompany the health certificate.

Selecting the proper container for transporting your pet by air is important. For dogs, cats and other four-legged pets, the container should be very sturdy with good locks and open ventilation. The bottom must be leak-proof and lined with highly absorbent material. The water and feeding dishes should be fastened securely in place and should allow for filling from the outside.

Proper size is important so that the container does not restrict the animal's movement - there should be room for the animal to stand up, turn around or scratch.

If you're shipping a dog, remove the leash. Don't leave it inside the kennel where the dog can get tangled in it. Replace the dog's collar with one that is flat and light weight. A flea/tick collar is recommended. Be sure to attach an identification tag - a good idea for your cat, too. The airlines sell containers for four-legged pets that meet all the requirements for safe handling. Due to health requirements to prevent the spread of disease, containers cannot be rented. If you are shipping a bird, you will need to contact your local pet shop for a sturdy container. Some of the heavy duty cardboard containers are good and quite acceptable. Again proper ventilation is required. Shipping in a common bird cage or flimsy container would not be accepted by the airlines. Shipping pet snakes will require a sturdy, escape-proof container. Wood construction is acceptable.

Fish are shipped in plastic containers. Your pet shop or veterinarian can give you directions on acclimatizing your fish to the container and recommend feeding instructions.

Attach a label to the top of the container listing the animal's name, the address of your new home, or the animal's destination, a phone number where you can be reached and any special handling instructions. Attach another label that says "Live Animal."

Moving Day
Attitude is a most important factor in determining the ultimate success of a move and the emotional adjustment to a new environment - this is true for the entire family, including pets. Many pets are closely attuned to the emotions of their owners. Be positive.

If possible, allow your pet to get used to the container before the trip. Using it as a bed or feeding the animal treats while the pet is in it are good positive approaches. Feed the pet the same meal it usually eats but no later than six to eight hours before departure, depending on how long the flight is and the layover time, if any. A change in the animal's diet, combined with a long flight, may tend to give the animal a nervous stomach and loose stools.

Many airlines will not feed your pets while in transit so do not expect them to do so. Any pet will endure the trip fine anywhere in Canada or the U.S. without being fed en route. However, if you feel it is necessary, you can request feeding. A supply of dry food can be placed in a cloth bag and attached to the outside of the container so that attendants can reach it without being nipped or allowing the pet to escape. Feeding instructions should be attached. For birds, seed can be placed in the containers. The attendants will water pets if requested.

Arrive at the airport at least 45 minutes prior to departure. If you're shipping a dog or cat, exercise the animal before putting him in the kennel. For any type of pet, carry the crate to the boarding area, hand it to an airline employee and ask him to personally make sure the carrier gets on the aircraft not more than 30 minutes before take off. When you arrive at your destination, pick up the animal immediately or ask an airline employee to pick him up and bring him to you.

If you're going to take your pet in your automobile, here are a few helpful hints to make the road trip more enjoyable for both of you.

A small kit filled with grooming aids, pans for food and water and your pet's favorite toy will be useful on the road. Take water along in a plastic jug and keep it cool. A change in water the first day can cause stomach upset in a dog or cat.

The same is true of a sudden change in diets, so take along a few packages of your pet's regular food. Stop frequently to exercise your pet, keeping him on a leash at all times when outside the car. Both dogs and cats should wear I.D. tags.

Do not feed or give water to your dog or cat for about two hours prior to the trip, especially if your pet has a tendency to experience motion sickness. Accustom the animal to car travel, if it is not already, by taking them on short, frequent trips. A dog should be taught to stay in one place in the car (not near the driver - this could be a hazard). A cat often rides better in a carrier. Don't allow your dog to put their head outside the window while the car is moving. Road dirt and wind friction could cause permanent eye damage.

If you're going to stay in motels en route, make reservations in advance to be sure you can find lodgings that accept animals. Bring along the pet's bedding. Don't let the animal sleep on the motel's beds, chairs or bedspreads. If the animal must be left uncrated alone in a motel room, a "Do Not Disturb" sign should be placed on the door and the maid or front desk informed.

If you must leave the pet alone in the car, be sure to park in a shady spot and leave the windows open an inch or two on all sides. In the winter, park your vehicle in a sunny spot. Return often and move the car as the angle of the sun changes.

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Last Updated July 28, 2016 by Becquet Enterprises